Modeling of nonlinear photonic crystals


Photonic band-gap crystals are periodic optical materials, spectrum of which consists of bands, separated by band gaps. Periodic and nonlinear properties of the photonic crystals are modeled with the nonlinear Maxwell equations, which are simplified with the coupled-mode (nonlinear Dirac) equations.

Coupled-mode equations are typically derived in the first band gap of the Bragg resonance between two counter-propagating waves in low-contrast, weakly nonlinear photonic crystals. More complicated wave resonance configurations were studied recently, with two oblique and four perpendicular waves. The coupled-mode equations are formulated in bounded domains, subject to the radiation (transmission) boundary conditions.

Using methods of separation of variables and generalized Fourier series, we study the stationary transmission, reflection, and diffraction of resonant Bloch waves. Using dynamical system methods, we classify stability of stationary solutions. With the finite-difference and spectral methods, we model non-stationary dynamics of coupled resonant waves.




  Dmitri Agueev  
  Marina Chugunova  
  Dmitri Pelinovsky  

Clayton Webster



  • Well-posedness of linear coupled-mode equations in two dimensions
  • Evans function analysis for optical bistability
  • Existence and stability of stationary transmission regimes