Vortex Dynamics


Vortices commonly occur in many applied sciences, such as fluid dynamics, superconductivity, and atomic physics. Vorticity spikes, called vortices, are observed in modeling of turbulence and flow control. Using vorticity formulation and the vortex method, computational flow control can be effectively implemented.

In type-II superconductors under a strong external magnetic field, the flux lines do not permeate the entire sample uniformly, but rather penetrate through narrow tubes called vortices. In the core region of each vortex superconductivity is destroyed, and outside of the core region the magnetic field is very small. The famous hexagonal Abrikosov vortex lattice was not originally predicted by Abrikosov himself (he thought the lattice should be square) but was verified by numerical simulations. A mathematical proof of the hexagonal form remains an open question.

Discrete vortices occur in modeling of Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic optical lattices. By using Lyapunov-Shmidt reductions, the discrete vortices can be traced from their origin analytically and numerically, and their dynamics can be modeled with discrete (finite-difference) nonlinear equations.




  Stanley Alama  
  Lia Bronsard  
  Nicholas Kevlahan  
  J. Alberto Montero  
  Bartosh Protas  

Dmitri Pelinovsky



  • Proof of existence of periodic vortex lattices for the Lawrence-Doniach model of layered superconductors in a parallel field
  • Construction of vortices with antiferromagnetic cores in the SO(5) theory of superconductivity
  • Derivation and efficient implementation of the vorticity form of the adjoint equations
  • Persistence of traveling vortices in discrete NLS